Experimental results of tomographic reconstruction on ONERA laboratory MCAO bench
ONERA - DOTA Unité HRA
2 L2TI Université Paris 13
a e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Classic Adaptive Optics (AO) is now a proven technique to correct turbulence for earth based astronomical telescopes. But the corrected Field of View (FoV) is however limited by the anisoplanatism effect. Many concepts of wide field AO systems are now under study, especially for ELT’s instruments. These systems allow a tomographic reconstruction of the turbulent volume thanks to the use of several WaveFront Sensors (WFS). They can provide for instance a correction in a specific direction (Laser Tomography AO system) with one Deformable Mirror (DM) or in a wide FoV (Multi Conjugate AO system) with several DMs conjugated to different altitudes. The performance optimization of such complex systems raise s inevitably new questions in terms of calibration and control. We present our current developments on perform ance optimization of wide field AO system. We show that performance can be significantly improved with tom ographic control based on Linear Quadratic Gaussian control, compared to more standard methods. The associ ated calibration and system modeling strategy is described. The results presented here are the first experime ntal validations of LQG control in closed-loop MCAO and LTAO configurations. These tests have been performed on H OMER bench, recently developed at ONERA and devoted to MCAO and wide field AO laboratory research. Thi s bench implements two deformable mirrors and a wide field Shack-Hartmann WFS.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2010